Ting Zhang

Associate Director & Assistant Professor

Ting Zhang is an Associate Director and a Research Assistant Professor of the Jacob France Institute in the Merrick School of Business. She is also an Assistant Professor in the School of Public and International Affairs and a Faculty Fellow at Schaefer Center for Public Policy. Her research interests include entrepreneurship and aging, workforce development, education and labor, welfare-to-work, business and employment dynamics, regional economy, and administrative records. Dr. Zhang is a published author of books and academic journal articles. She is a referee for multiple renowned academic journals. Her book Elderly Entrepreneurship in an Aging Economy: It’s Never Too Late was favorably reviewed by The Gerontologist. She has recently given a speech on aging and entrepreneurship at the National Press Club invited by the Center for Productive Longevity. She was recently invited by University of Lisbon and previously Cambridge University for visits. She was previously interviewed and quoted by the Bloomberg Business Week on older people’s entrepreneurship, reported by Newswise on her new book, Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China, and quoted by the Baltimore Sun on Maryland economy and job creation as well as tax credit for home owners, and interviewed by the NPR-WEAA station on China’s economy. She was a winner of the national Kauffman Dissertation Fellowship Award, finalist title in the international Charles Tiebout Prize for Regional Science, US Department of Labor Employment & Training Administration Research Fellowship Award, Public Policy Paper Competition by Virginia Department of Transportation, and several other research awards and grants. She has previously conducted research at George Mason University, the World Bank, the Urban Institute, and the Council of Graduate Schools, and taught at UMBC. Her recent work includes health and later life entrepreneurship, skill gap and mismatch, location impact on welfare-to-work propensity, profiling Maryland employment and business dynamics, examining recession impacts, tracking worker placement, exploring geographic dynamics of Maryland economy and its impact on public policy, diagnosing data quality using administrative records, and conducting researches using linked longitudinal administrative records.


Selected Publications

Peer Reviewed Books

  • Zhang, T. and Stough, R. (2013) (Eds). Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China. New Jersey, London, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Zhang, T. (2008), Elderly Entrepreneurship in an Aging US Economy: It’s Never Too Late. London, Singapore, New Jersey: World Scientific. ISBN: 978-981-281-449-4, 981-281-449-3.
  • Zhang, T. (2008), Aging in the “Knowledge Economy”: Crises or Opportunities? Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM (Verlag Dr. Mueller). ISBN: 978-3-639-07612-7.

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles/Book Chapters

  • Zhang, T. Gerlowsk, D, and Ford, D. (2014, forthcoming) “Housing Price Variability: National and Local Impacts,” Applied Economics.
  • Zhang, T. and Carr, D. (2014, forthcoming) “Does Working for Oneself, not Others, Improve Older Adults’ Health? An Investigation on Health Impact of Self-Employment”, American Journal of Entrepreneurship.
  • Zhang, T. (2014). “The Retired, the Resigned, or the Laid-off? Who Are the Urban Self-employed?”, Global Journal of Management and Business Research, Volume 14 Issue 4.
  • Zhang, T. (2014). “Do Socially Responsible Investment Funds Under-perform The Market? Evidence from China”. International Journal of Management Research and Business Strategy. Vol. 3, No. 1. Page 112-131.
  • Zhang, T. (2014). “A Two-Cycle Historical Perspective of Workforce Investment Act Common Measures Performance Expectations”, International Journal of HRM and Organizational Behavior, October 2014 issue.
  • Zhang, T. (2013), “Culture Matters to Entrepreneurship Policies: Entrepreneurship Policies in the U.S. versus China,” in Zhang, T. and Stough, R. (Ed), Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China, New Jersey, London, Singapore: World Scientific.
  • Zhang, T., Stough, R. and Song, C. (2013). “Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China: Introduction,” in Zhang, T. and Stough, R. (Ed), Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China, New Jersey, London, Singapore: World Scientific.
  • Zhang, T. (2011), “Workforce Investment Act Training for Older Workers: Toward a Better Understanding of Older Worker Needs during the Economic Recovery,” US Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration Research & Publication, No. ETAOP 2011-10.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2009). “Business Age, another Source of Employment Growth,” Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Papers. Available at http://www.fcsm.gov/09papers/Zhang_XI-B.pdf.
  • Sowell, R., Zhang, T., Bell, N. Redd, K. (2008), “Ph.D. Completion Project: Analysis of Baseline Demographic Data,” CGS Communicator. Vol. 41. Issue 6, July 2008.
  • Zhang, T. (2007), “The Role of Graduate Education in Regional Economic Growth,” CGS Communicator. Vol. 40. Issue 5, June 2007.
  • Acs, Z., Armington, C, and Zhang, T. (2007), “The Determinants of New Firm Survival in Regional Economies: the Role of Regional Human Capital Stock and Knowledge Spillovers,” Papers in Regional Science, vol. 86, issue 3: 367-391.
  • Sowell, R., Zhang, T., Redd, K., Newbig, E. (2007), “Ph.D. Completion Project: Analysis of Baseline Program Data,” CGS Communicator. Vol. 40. Issue 10, December 2007.
  • Zhang, T. (2006), “Later Retirement for an Aging Workforce in the Knowledge Economy.” IMPLAN National User’s Conference 6th Biennial Conference Proceeding. IMPLAN: Indianapolis.
  • Zhang, T., (2004), “Traveler Information for an Aging Population.” Journal of Intelligent Transportation Society of Virginia, 4th Qtr, 2004, pp. 4-11.
  • Ruth, S., Booppanon, S., and Zhang, T. (2004), “Using Accessible Data Sources to Determine Telecom Diffusion Capabilities of Developing Nations: a MENA Perspective”. Annual Review of Communications, 2004, Volume 57 (Chicago,IEC,2004), pp 485-495, ISBN: 1-931695-28-8.

Peer Reviewed Monographs & White Paper Reports

  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2014), “Toward A Business Case for Sustained Investment in State Longitudinal Integrated Data Systems,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy Development and Research, Division of Strategic Planning and Performance, Washington DC. An abbreviated version of the report is published at http://www.workforcedqc.org/sites/default/files/images/JFI%20wdqi%20research%20report%20January%202014.pdf.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2013), “Neglecting the “L” in a Longitudinal integrated Data System Can be a Costly Mistake,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy Development and Research, Division of Strategic Planning and Performance, Washington DC. University of Taxes Research Series: http://www.utexas.edu/research/cshr/pubs/pdf/Longitudinal_Data_Systems_DStevens.pdf. Also available at http://www.jacob-france-institute.org/documents/DLLR-WDQ-1-4-13.pdf.
  • Zhang, T., Li, J., and Stevens, D. (2013), “Maryland Business Births: Prior Employment and Social Program Participation of the New Hires,” Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulations.
  • Zhang, T., Li, J., and Stevens, D. (2013), “What Happens to Employees when a Business Closes? Post-closure Employment and Social Service Profiles,” Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulations.
  • Zhang, T., Stevens, D. and Li, J. (2013), “Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2012,” Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulations.
  • Zhang, T.and Stevens, D. (2012), “Intergrated Data System Person Identification: Accuracy Requirements and Methods,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy Development and Research, Division of Strategic Planning and Performance, Washington DC.
  • Zhang, T.and Stevens, D. (2012), “Intergrated Data System Person Identification: Accuracy Requirements and Methods,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy Development and Research, Division of Strategic Planning and Performance, Washington DC.
  • Zhang, T.and Stevens, D. (2012), “Repeated and Combined Participation in Workforce, Education and Social Program Services: Preliminary Evidence from Maryland Administrative Data Sources,” U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy Development and Research, Division of Strategic Planning and Performance, Washington DC.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2011), “Job Creation in Maryland, 2004-2009: An Overview,” Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulations Publication, available at http://www.dllr.state.md.us/lmi/mdjobcreation.pdf.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2011), “Maps of Maryland Employment Dynamics before, during, and after the Recession,” Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulations Publication, available at http://www.dllr.state.md.us/lmi/mapsmdemployment.pdf.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2011), “What Happens to the Employees when a Business Closes?” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2009). “WIA Title 1B Common Measures Performance Expectations: A Two-Cycle Historical Perspective 1990-2007,”submitted to the U.S. Department of Labor.
  • Sowell, R., Zhang, T., Bell, N. and Redd, K. (2008), Ph.D. Completion and Attrition: Analysis of Baseline Demographic Data of the Ph.D. Completion Project, Washington, D.C.: Council of Graduate Schools. ISBN: 1-933042-18-4.
  • Sowell, R., Zhang, T., and Redd, K. (2007), Ph.D. Completion and Attrition: Analysis of Baseline Program Data of the Ph.D. Completion Project, Washington, D.C.: Council of Graduate Schools. ISBN: 1-933042-13-3.
  • Nicogossian, A., Schintler, L., Mutone-Smith. D. Zhang. T. et al. (2005) “Critical Infrastructure Protection in the National Capital Region: Risk-Based Foundations for Resilience and Sustainability,” University Consortium for Infrastructure Protection. In fulfillment of: Department of Homeland Security Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) Grant 03-TU-03; and Department Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Grant 2003CKWX0199.

Other Project Reports

  • Zhang, T., Stevens, D., and Stack, T. (2012), Labor Market Forum: Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics, submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2012), “Anne Arundel County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2011,” submitted to Anne Arundel County Workforce Development Corporation.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2011), “Carroll County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2010,” submitted to Carroll County Department of Economic Development.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2010), “Baltimore City Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Baltimore City Workforce Investment Board and Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Baltimore County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Baltimore County Workforce Development Council and Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Howard County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Howard County Economic Development Authority Board of Directors.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2010), “Southern Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Southern Maryland Workforce Investment Board and Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Mid-Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Mid-Maryland Workforce Investment Board and Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2010), “Montgomery County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2010), “Prince George’s County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Frederick County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Lower Shore Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2010), “Harford County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “West Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2009), “Cecil County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2008,” submitted to Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Office of Workforce Information and Performance.

Selected Journal References And Media Citations

Selected Invited Presentations

  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2011), invited presentation. “What Happens to the Employees when a Business Closes?” Invited by Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation to be presented.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2011), invited presentation, “Job Creation in Maryland 2004-2009: An Overview.” Invited by Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation to be presented.
  • Zhang, T. (2011), “The Labor and Social Security Impacts of Elderly Entrepreneurship,” 32nd Southern Gerontology Society Annual Meeting. April 14-17.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), invited presentation, “Baltimore County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” at the Baltimore County Workforce Development Council meeting at their Hunt Valley Workforce Development Center on March 11.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), invited presentation, “Howard County Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” at the Howard County Economic Development Authority Board of Directors meeting in Columbia on March 18.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Mid-Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” in front of Mid-Maryland Workforce Investment Board on April 21.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), invited presentation, “Southern Maryland Business and Employment Dynamics: 2004-2009,” in front of Southern Maryland Workforce Investment Board, California, MD, June 8.
  • Zhang, T. (2010), invited to present the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) Research Grant Award paper “Workforce Investment Act Training for Older Workers: Toward a Better Understanding of Older Worker Needs during the Economic Recovery” at the Department of Labor ETA Coffee Housing Briefing, Washington D.C., June 29, 2010.
  • Zhang, T. and Stevens, D. (2010), “Local WIB Employment & Business Dynamics: 2004-2008,” in partnership with the Office of Workforce Information and Performance, invited by Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, presented at Maryland Economic Development Association Winter Conference, Annapolis, MD, Jan 14, 2010.
  • Zhang, T. (2009), “Elderly Entrepreneurship: Economic Growth and Data” at the 2009 Business Creation Symposium, Kauffman Foundation, Arlington, VA, October 23-24, 2009.
  • Zhang, T. (2009). “Workforce Investment Act Training for Older Workers: Toward a Better Understanding of Need and Successful Response in the Next Stages of the Economic Cycle”, as a US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration 2009 Research Grants Winner, invited by the US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA) Research Conference, Washington DC, September 15-16, 2009.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2009), “Anne Arundel WIB Employment & Business Dynamics: 2004-2008,” in partnership with the Office of Workforce Information and Performance, invited and sponsored by Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, presented in front of the Anne Arundel Workforce Investment Board and other Maryland local government officials, Glen Burnie, MD, September 11, 2009.
  • Zhang, T. (2009), “OnTheMap3 Workshop: Case Studies,” presented for Maryland State and Local Government officials, invited and sponsored by Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, Maryland Department of Transportation, Hanover, MD, May 28, 2009.
  • Zhang, T. (2009). “Workforce Development Research @ The Jacob France Institute,” invited by the Ford Foundation, MDRC, New York, July 20, 2009.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2009). “WIA Title 1B Common Measures Performance Expectations: A Two-Cycle Historical Perspective 1990-2007,” presented at the U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C., March 2009.
  • Stevens, D. and Zhang, T. (2009), “Upper Shore WIB Employment & Business Dynamics: 2004-2008,” in partnership with the Office of Workforce Information and Performance, Maryland DLLR, presented in front of the Upper Shore Workforce Investment Board and other Maryland county government officials, Easton, MD, May 5, 2009.
  • Recession Priority: New Firms or Survival of the Current?Presented at the June 29 – July 4, 2009 Western Economic Association International 84th Annual Conference. Vancover, Canada by Ting Zhang and David Stevens
  • The Labor and Social Security Impacts of Elderly EntrepreneurshipPresented at the February 2009 Western Regional Science Conference by Ting Zhang
  • WIA Title 1B Common Measures Performance Expectations: A Two-Cycle Historical Perspective 1990-2007 (March 2009)David Stevens and Ting Zhang
  • Workforce Development Research @ The Jacob France Institute (July 20, 2009)David Stevens and Ting Zhang
  • Upper Shore WIB Employment & Business Dynamics: 2004-2008 (May 5, 2009)David Stevens and Ting Zhang, In partnership with the Office of Workforce Information and Performance, DLLR
  • Maryland Dept of Transportation – On the Map Workshop presentationTing Zhang – May 28, 2009NOTE: The file is a WIN Rar file. To open the file user must have WIN Rar software, such as this free software.
  • Zhang, T. (2008), “The Role of Elderly Entrepreneurship in Metropolitan Economic Growth,” Western Regional Science Association 46th Annual Meeting. Waikoloa, Hawaii, February 17-20, 2008.
  • Redd, K. and Zhang, T. (2007), “Baseline Program Data Analysis of the Ph.D. Completion Project.” the National Science Academic Seminar. Washington, D.C.
  • Zhang, T. (2006), “Later Retirement for an Aging Workforce in the Knowledge Economy.”, Mid-continental Regional Science Association 37th Annual Conference and RSAI Commission on PRSCO and Chinese RSA Workshop, April 3-5 2006, Shanghai, China.
  • Zhang, T. (2006), “Advanced Traveler Information Systems in the Era of Population Aging: A Tool Compatible for Senior’s Travel Safety and Flexibility.” New Scholars Conference on Sustainable Transportation. May 14-16 2006, Bloomington, Indiana.
  • Zhang, T. (2004), “Advanced Traveler Information Systems and US Aging Population.” the 53rd Virginia Transportation Conference. Roanoke, Virginia: October 18, 2004.

Contact Information

Ting Zhang

Research Assistant Professor

Jacob France Institute

University of Baltimore

1420 N. Charles Street

Baltimore, Maryland 21201-5779

Phone: (410)837-6551, Fax: (410)837-5814

tzhang [at] ubalt [dot] edu